Unmanned systems – ethics and international law

Responsibility must remain in human hands by Dr Michael Stehr, Advocate, Board Member of EuroDefense, Bonn, Germany A cultural bias seems to dominate debates on “autonomous systems” with perceptions and expectations shaped by an independently acting “Terminator” or “Skynet”, a superior and amoral artificial intelligence (AI) system with nearly unlimited faculties. The mundane reality The reality…

A Force for the EU and NATO – Eurocorps is a concrete contribution to the security of Europe and its allies

“The international composition of Eurocorps means that we have to consider each individual nation’s approach and then adopt the best one.” Interview with Lieutenant General Laurent Kolodziej, Commanding General Eurocorps, Strasbourg The European: General, you are the 13th Commanding General of Eurocorps, a multinational army corps, highly respected for its military capabilities and performance in…

There are many ways to raise the cost of an attack for an aggressor: Deterrence in the 21st century: necessary, but not sufficient

by Michael Rühle, Head of the Hybrid Challenges and Energy Security Section, NATO’s Emerging Security Challenges Division, Brussels For over seven decades, deterrence has been a key concept of western defence and strategic thinking. The reason for this prominence is not difficult to fathom. Deterrence is congenial to democracies. As Lawrence Freedman, one of the…

The role of EDA in shaping European defence

The Agency is the European hub for collaborative capability development “We need to stay on course and continue the implementation of the new EU defence tools that have been created since 2016.” Interview with Jiří Šedivý, CEO of the European Defence Agency, Brussels The European: Mr Šedivý, you have been the Chief Executive Officer of…

Space NEWS Synergies +++ Spin-offs +++ Spin-ins – Creating synergies between innovation in space, defence and civil research

(ed/hb, Paris) On 22nd February 2021, the European Commission adopted the Communication on an Action plan on synergies between civil, defence and space industries. “With the European Defence Fund we have a strong potential for synergies between innovation in space, defence and civil research & innovation. We need this for a number of critical technologies.…

Global Earth Observation strategies for the reduction of climate-security threats – Entering a new era

by Sinéad O’Sullivan, Research Fellow, Center for Climate and Security, Washington, D.C. The last year has created ample evidence showing that the impacts of climate change and climate-related threats are in line with, or exceeding, projections of global physical change. Climate change has created consequences for threats that can no longer be contained by borders;…

Water stress threatens global political and economic stability – Climate change related migration will become one of the most substantial global challenges

by Dr Marcus DuBois King, Elliott School of International Affairs, George Washington University, Washington, D.C. Governments, industry, and civil society are facing urgent political and economic risks to water security. As the impacts of climate change become more apparent, demand grows and supply is increasingly constrained. Each year at least 4 billion people experience severe…

Taking climate change seriously

(ed/Céline Merz, Linz am Rhein) On 11th December 2019, the European Commission presented the European Green Deal, a growth strategy with the objective of making Europe the first climate-neutral continent by 2050, and at the same time boosting the economy and improving people’s health. The European Green Deal covers all sectors of the economy, notably…